Write 7 pages thesis on the topic the gunpowder plot. Even before he officially took the English throne, James was the focus of at least two such plots, including the Main Plot and the Bye Plot (Magnussen, 2003: 409). This was in spite of the fact that he was the son of a devoutly Catholic mother, Mary, and was married to a recently converted Catholic queen. Thus, before one condemns James for the anti-Catholic sentiment in the country, these external, previously existing conditions must be considered. James took the throne in 1604 and was the subject of a more serious plot in 1605, now referred to as the Gunpowder Plot, but then called the Powder Treason (Fraser, 1997). The purpose of this paper is to discover more about this conspiracy by examining its origins, the planning involved in it, how it was discovered, the subsequent trials and executions, its impact on history, and how it is remembered today. King James VI of Scotland accepted the crown of England in March of 1604 and, in response to the demands of his Protestant subjects, reinstated the penal laws first introduced by Elizabeth in response to Spanish and Papal threats during the latter portion of the 1500s. The penal codes began with the disputation of the legitimacy of Elizabeths reign in light of the fact that her mother was Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII. The Catholic Church recognized only the progeny of Catherine of Aragon as legitimate offspring and even published a papal bull excommunicating Elizabeth and effectively proclaiming all Catholics as traitors to the crown in England by releasing parishioners from any allegiance to her (Frasier, 2002). Under these laws, Catholics enjoyed severe restrictions in their movements, additional fines on their incomes, and constant fear of unwarranted trial or imprisonment. James willingness to continue these laws convinced many Catholics in the country that they would not be able to expect reduced restrictions and that the country would not revert back to the true religion with .the new monarch.